Trump has threatened to slap tariffs on virtually all of China's exports to the United States. "China has to take necessary countermeasures to defend its dignity and the interests of its people, free trade and the multilateral system".
On Wednesday, Trump proposed a higher 25 percent tariff on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports.
China is trying to seek an "equal" position in future talks with the US with today's retaliation announcement, said Gai Xinzhe, analyst at the Bank of China's Institute of International Finance in Beijing.
Signalling the nation's readiness to respond to higher tariffs threatened by Donald Trump on $200bn of Chinese imports, officials in Beijing said countermeasures were ready and waiting for the next move from Washington.
China's finance ministry unveiled new sets of additional tariffs on 5,207 goods imported from the United States, with the extra levies ranging from 5 to 25 percent.
The Chinese reaction is sure to ratchet up tensions with the Trump administration at the end of a week that saw stock markets rattled by the intensifying trade battle.
"We hope that the trade policy makers in the U.S. will be cool-headed, listen to the voice of USA consumers and also pay attention to the voices in the worldwide community", Wang said.
According to Reuters, the Chinese commerce minister said in a statement after the latest round of tariff threats that the United States had "repeatedly escalated the situation against the interests of both enterprises and consumers".
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China included LNG for the first time in its list of proposed tariffs on Friday, the same day that its biggest USA crude oil buyer, Sinopec, suspended US crude oil imports due to the dispute, according to three sources familiar with the situation.
It has also slapped 25 percent tariffs on $34 billion worth of Chinese imports. Jake Colvin, vice president of the National Foreign Trade Council, said the Trump administration could be boxing itself into a corner.
Among US products targeted were a wide range of agricultural and energy products such as beef and LNG.
Officials however downplayed suggestions the move was meant to compensate for the recent decline in the value of the Chinese currency, which has threatened to take much of the sting out of Trump's tariffs by making imports cheaper. The inquiry found that Chinese theft of US intellectual property was costing the USA economy billions of dollars.
"The U.S. gas industry will be much harder hit by this as China imports only a small volume whereas U.S. suppliers see China as a major future market", said Lin Boqiang, professor on energy studies at Xiamen University in China.
China listed 5,207 United States products that it would target in an effort to "safeguard its own legitimate interests".
China's biggest US imports by value in 2017 were aircraft and related equipment, soybeans and autos.