A high court in South Africa has ordered President Jacob Zuma to personally pay legal costs for his failed attempt to stop the release of a report into influence peddling in his government.
The report by then graft ombudsman Thuli Madonsela released in November past year ordered a judicial inquiry into allegations that the Guptas may have influenced the appointment of cabinet members in Zuma's administration and received special treatment for a coal business linked to the family and Duduzane Zuma, the president's son.
Madonsela said chief justice Mogoeng Mogoeng should set up the inquiry, rather than Zuma, as the president had a conflict of interests.
Zuma steps down next week as president of the ANC after a 10-year term marked by damning court judgements against him.
The ruling African National Congress will choose its new leader, to replace embattled Jacob Zuma over the weekend.
The inquiry was one of the recommendations on state influence-peddling by the country's anti-corruption watchdog, which the president had tried to challenge. Zuma also sought to block the report's release.
The Guptas allegedly exert undue influence on Zuma in the appointment of cabinet ministers and in the awarding of lucrative contracts with state-owned enterprises to the Guptas in what is called "state capture".
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On Wednesday Mlambo rejected all Zuma's arguments, saying that Madonsela was correct to foresee that the process may be compromised if Zuma selected the judge who would be investigating him, his son Duduzane and his friends, the Guptas.
Mlambo said a judicial commission was best suited to investigate the allegations against Zuma.
"There is the broader pattern of the president's conduct in litigation of defending what turns out, on the president's version, to have been the indefensible all along", said Judge President Dustan Mlambo.
Zuma took issue with the remedial action and applied to court to have it reviewed and set aside.
DA leader Mmusi Maimane said Zuma had used every trick to obfuscate the state-capture matter and that his party would oppose any bid to appeal the judgment.
In her report titled State of Capture, former Public Protector Advocate Thuli Madonsela made several adverse findings against Zuma.
The court ordered that once the inquiry is set up, it should complete its task and present its report to Zuma within 180 days. Zuma is appealing that ruling.