Fleshy berries or fruits such as strawberries, blackberries and raspberries, among others, are very popular in gardens and orchards because of their ease in planting, harvesting and consuming directly from the plant. In addition to its beautiful appearance, especially during the flowering and fruiting stage, as well as its numerous health benefits.
This time we will focus on raspberry ( in English raspberry ), which is also part of the strawberry family (Rosaceae). So if you've already planted strawberries in your garden or garden, you'll love to know that you could sow them together because raspberry grows as a shrub and would benefit from its partial shade of low-growing strawberry cultivation.
Raspberry ( Rubus idaeus ) uses its leaves and its fruits. The leaves are rich in vitamin C and have astringent, diuretic and expectorant properties. When you use them in infusions help to calm menstrual cramps and during the last stage of pregnancy reduces labor pains. However it is always necessary to consult a doctor before consuming . It is not recommended for people with kidney problems. Other medicinal uses include mouthwashing or gargling when we have throat irritation.
As for fruit, it is also rich in vitamin C and sugars. We consume it fresh, in desserts, shakes, liqueurs and can be preserved through freezing.
The shrub can grow up to about 5 feet high and is distinguished because its stems are thorny, allowing many birds to use it as a shelter and protection against other animals. It is a plant resistant to low temperatures (if you live in areas where it can snow) and strong heats.
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If you can not access your plants regularly, for security reasons, you can mount a drip feed system to keep the plants hydrated. If the soil is poor, or if you just want to follow the easy and uncomplicated path, you can buy a commercial substrate.
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The leaves are often rolled, which is another adaptation which reduces the leaf surface exposed to the atmosphere. Pioneer species are very tolerant of salt and can therefore grow much closer to the sea than most other grasses.
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This perennial plant has green, toothed and hairy leaves. Its flowers are white (sometimes pink) and we can find wild bushes. If we decide to sow it in our yard, it needs to be in full sun and be planted in an area that drains the water well. It needs moist soil, loose , deep and rich in organic matter . Preferably low acid and free from weeds. To protect it from the strong winds, you can sow it against a wall so it avoids to hurt its stems, especially when they contain with fruit.
Precisely, the fruit is harvested ripe and still shiny. During harvest season, gather every 3 to 4 days. Although its most common color is red, raspberry has other varieties of black and white color.
The raspberry is best propagated by sprouting and rooting. Also by division of the plant. It is recommended to prune after the harvest, especially the branches that fructified; to eliminate the excess of shoots or those that are weak. Ask at garden centers or nurseries specializing in exotic fruit.
With proper maintenance, the plant can last for several years. It can be paid once a year. Even so, it is recommended to start after a certain time and to rotate the crop.
Among the common pests that can affect raspberry are aphids or aphids.