At this time, the local cases do not seem to be connected to the cases reported in those patients that traveled to South Padre Island. So the bad news is that 15% of people who have been vaccinated are likely to become ill if they encounter mumps very closely. However, the complications it breeds can have long-term effects.
Mumps is rarely a deadly disease, but if not treated immediately it can lead to encephalitis, deafness or swelling of the brain. It takes close to three weeks. College students are especially vulnerable as they share bottles, glasses, cutlery and as they kiss and share food frequently.
Health authorities have issued an advisory to doctors and clinics. Texas has had 221 mumps cases this year, the largest number since 234 cases were reported in 1994.
The silver lining is that these numbers are moderate, compared with the number of infections before the vaccine came up in 1967. In case of greater exposed population, it is recommended to apply third booster dose just as Cedar Hill has offered a third booster dose, which is exactly as they have offered at Cedar Hill.
Mumps is commonly known for the swelling that it causes in a person's face.
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Recovery may follow in a week. An infected person can spread the virus to someone else by coughing, sneezing, sharing items such as eating utensils and by touching objects with unwashed hands that are later touched by others.
Mumps typically begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness and loss of appetite lasting a few days, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Those suspected of mumps are advised to stay home considering the contagious nature of the illness. The cases involved people from six different states, including two people from Texas.
While the vaccine isn't bullet proof, Roberts said it's close, with a 99 percent effectiveness. "It doesn't go away completely, but just allows them to get mumps. if they are in a particular circumstance", said William Schaffner, M.D., professor of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. And their recommendations include receiving at least two doses of the MMR vaccine. "And if you're in one of those special groups that exposed, make sure you take that special extra step to prevent catching the disease and spreading the disease".
People who think they may have mumps should contact their health care providers.