Critically, Wolf 1061c orbits within its solar system's "habitable zone", so its surface may be the right temperature to harbour water.
The "super-Earth", dubbed Wolf 1061c, is one of our closest neighbors and is located in a star system roughly 14 light-years away from our own, according to Sci News.
While carrying out the research an astronomer at San Francisco State University in the U.S. named Stephen Kane laid his focus of searching "habitable zones", regions where water could exist in a liquid state on the surface of the planet in the presence of sufficient atmospheric pressure.
"It is close enough to the star where it is looking suspiciously like a runaway greenhouse", said Kane. But while folks like Kane are analysing whether or not exoplanets are possibly habitable, other groups, like Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence (METI) are searching for signs of more advanced extraterrestrial life.
But because it sits so close to the inner edge of this space region, it could also be extremely hot from gas trapped in its atmosphere.
Scientists looking at the mysterious exoplanet Wolf 1061 say that it sits within the "habitable zone," just outside the solar system.
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However, the closeness of the Wolf 1061 wasn't the only reason of focus; instead there were also other factors.
In brief, the planet should neither be too close nor too far from its parent star, because its closeness makes it hot, however if it's too far the planet becomes very cold that freezes water, as on Mars.
When scientists search for planets that could sustain life, they are basically looking for a planet with almost identical properties to Earth. It means it could be dominated by extreme heat, trapping in its atmosphere, causing a "runaway greenhouse effect", which is what scientists believe happened on Venus, Earth's twin.
"When scientists search for planets that could sustain life, they are basically looking for a planet with almost identical properties to Earth", Dr. Kane explained. The surface temperature on Venus now reaches around 471 degrees Celsius.
Kane said when scientists look out for planets that could sustain life, they basically look for a planet having almost identical properties to Earth. "One possibility is that the short time scales over which Wolf 1061c's orbit changes could be enough that it could actually cool the planet off", he added.
"If there is life on Wolf 1061c, it's likely to be microbial", METI International President Douglas Vakoch told me via email. "If we transmitted a radio signal to this exoplanet today, we might get a reply back from tech-savvy aliens in the Wolf 1061 system as early as 2045 - a mere blink of the eye on astronomical timescales". To look for answer of same question, research team from San Francisco State University astronomer Stephen Kane studied exoplanets.